Capital freely crosses borders while people can’t.
The North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA) is a treaty between the United States, Mexico, and Canada, creating a trilateral free trade zone in North America. The signing of NAFTA on January 1, 1994 initiated the mass relocation of factories, plants and other forms of capital just south of the U.S.-Mexico border where few environmental regulations exist and where exploitative labor practices remain legal. The inauguration of NAFTA coincided with the militarization of the border, which has lead to an egregious rise in the deaths of migrants, who continue to cross the border as a result of the increasing economic inequality that exists between the global North and South. On the 20th anniversary of NAFTA, a group of anonymous activists and artists constructed a memorial at the border, marking the 20 years of death brought about by NAFTA and prefiguring the death of NAFTA itself.