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The Hidden History of Muhammad Ali | International Socialist Review

This article was written in 2004…

Muhammad Ali, 1966

Muhammad Ali, 1966

SOURCE: International Socialist Review

“Ali has been absorbed by the establishment as a legend–a harmless icon. There is barely a trace left of the controversial truth: There has never been an athlete more reviled by the mainstream press, more persecuted by the U.S. government or more defiantly beloved throughout the world than Muhammad Ali. There is now barely a mention of this Ali, who was the catalyst for bringing the issues of racism and war into professional sports.” ~ David Zirin


About The Author

JoAnn Chateau

JoAnn Chateau likes progressive politics and loves the canines. She writes fiction about an alpha Bichon named Chester, and his friends--with a dash of humor and a dab of poli-sci. JoAnn worked professionally in the Psychology and Information Science fields. Retired now, she enjoys the creative life.


  1. Rosaliene Bacchus

    As a teenager growing up in my native land, Guyana, I had never followed the sport of boxing until Cassias Clay turned Muhammad Ali – the man that moved like a butterfly and stung like a bee – came onto the boxing scene. In his fight against racism, he became our hero.

    • JoAnn Chateau

      He stood for something. We will miss him.




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